Demographic statistics and geographical introduction:
Gram Panchayat Baliyan comes under Block Andar in Siwan district headquarters. It is at a distance of 7 km from the block headquarters and about 20 km from the district headquarters. The total population of this panchayat is about 8000, out of which 4435 are male and 3565 female. There are 7 villages in this panchayat namely Belhi East, Bangra Ujjain, Baliya, Salahpur, Chhajwa, Hakma Haata and Kodaila
What is the historical significance of the Panchayat? What are the special characteristics of the Panchayat ? What are the occasions when people of the village come together?
Historically, Baliya was known as Lala ke Basti. It is said that Baliya Panchayat was the territory of “King Devnath Sahai. In the British era, Hathua came under the princely state. Devnath Sahai was a zamindar from this state. Even today, the remains of his palace have been preserved. A powerful leader, the village was named Baliyan as an ode to his power, “Bali” means powerful. As per his requirement, King Devnath settled the people of different varnas like Kayastha, Pandit, Rajput, Ahir, Teli, Chamar, Dusad, Bari, Kurmi, Dhobi, Hazam, Bhar, Kamkar, Burnwal etc. in this Panchayat. People of these castes were part of Uttar Pradesh’s Baliya district. Baliya is 17 km away from Jiradei station.
In the East of Baliya, there is a Ram Janaki temple that was later donated for building a Primary and Middle School for children of the village. Holi, Diwali, Dussehra, Chath, Eid and Bakri Eid are some of the most celebrated festivals. It is important to build a ‘Kohbar’, an age-old ritual of summoning their revered deities during the occasion of marriage. Cutting across Baliya village, Sona River flows from the eastern side around which important festivals are celebrated. The youth from the village have migrated to different places, within an outside the country. However, during these festivals, they make it a point to come home. To connect Baliya and its villagers, there is a brick road that is being renovated to make it a concrete road.
Who resides in the Panchayat? What kind of sociological diversity exists in the area? What are the professional practices of the people in this area?
Baliya Panchayat has a total of 7 villages – Belahi, Ujjain Bangra, Balia, Chhajwa, Kodaila, Salahpur and Hata Haqama. There are 1200 houses in these villages, that are home to people of various castes like Rajput, Brahmin, Yadav, Gupta, Bhagat, Sharma, Kumhar, Nai, Muslim, Gond, Ram, Paswan. The number of Rajputs is more in Belhi, Hatahakama and Baliya villages. At the same time, there are more potters in Belhi and Harijan people in Baliya.
Mostly, people in this village work in farming and are dependent on daily wages. Seasonal greens, vegetables and other crops like wheat, paddy, maize, peas, pigeonpea, mustard, etc. are cultivated by the people of Panchayat. Wood shop, grocery shop, weaving, animal husbandry, fisheries and pottery etc. are some of the other sources of livelihood. Some people have migrated to cities for jobs.
Which institutions work in this area? How are people associated with them?
There are 12 wards in the Baliya Panchayat, with 11 functional Anganwadis. This Panchayat has 2 primary schools, 4 Middle Schools and 1 High School for the education of its children. Sevika Lakkhi Kunwar’s Anganwadi Center in Salahpur is functioning well in the village. Vaccinations, nutritional distribution and education of children is regularly conducted at this center. On the other hand, Mr. Arvind Kumar Tiwari, Principal of Bangra Ujjain High School is also running this school smoothly. Apart from this, there is 1 private school, 19 livelihood groups, 1 State Bank of India, 1 Gramin Bank branch and one primary health center in Chhajwa in this Panchayat.
What are the major issues of the Panchayat? How has Parivartan tried to address them?
Lack of awareness among people about education, employment, and lack of technical knowledge among farmers are some of the major social problems that prevail in this Panchayat. Parivartan is constantly attempting to make people aware about the importance of education. We are working towards making various fields of education such as computer education, science lab, painting and language, accessible for the whole community. Hariyali Krisi Gyan Kendra is trying to support this Panchayat through different initiatives. Awareness on important social issues is being created through the efforts of Jagriti Mahila Samakhya and Rangmandali. Our livelihood vertical is constantly trying to connect people from this Panchayat to our weaving and sewing units.