Gender inequality has remained a worldwide challenge. The educational and economic participation gaps have persisted. Political reservations have given voice and leadership to women at the grassroot level. Gender norms and stereotypes have significantly constrained women from exercising their own agency.
Women empowerment is important not just because it promotes equity. It is also necessary because empowering women may benefit development. The multiplier effect of girl’s education on several aspects of development like reduced fertility rates, lower infant and maternal mortality rates is well recognized. Socio-economic empowerment of women would require addressing multiple, and often reinforcing, barriers within family and in several formal and informal institutions.